The South Korean navy includes the Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters, Republic of Korea Fleet, Republic of Korea Marine Corps, Naval Logistics Command, Naval Education and Training Command, and Naval Academy. The ROK Navy strengthened its naval aviation force by acquiring Grumman S-2 Tracker anti-submarine warfare aircraft and Aérospatiale Alouette III helicopters for shipboard helicopter operations with ex-USN Gearing-class destroyers. As part of the vision, Admiral Sim Seung-seob, the Chief of Naval Operations proposed to build an ICT-based, system-driven "Smart Navy".[53]. South Korea's Defense Project Promotion Committee has selected the Lockheed Martin MH-60R Seahawk multirole naval helicopter to meet the Republic of Korea Navy… Republic of Korea Army | LinkedInのフォロワー数3,644人The Republic of Korea Army (ROK Army, ROKA, Korean: 대한민국 육군) is the largest of the military branches of the South Korean armed forces with 522,000 members as of 2008. The ROK Naval forces began to participated in RIMPAC exercise from 1990 (ROKS Seoul (FF 952), ROKS Masan (FF 953) for RIMPAC 1990). The Republic of Korea Marine Corps sent the 2nd Marine Brigade called Cheongnyong ("Blue Dragon") to South Vietnam. In June 2007, the ROK Navy launched the lead ship (PKG 711) of the Yoon Youngha-class missile boat in honor of the late captain of ROKS Chamsuri 357, which was sunken after an engagement with the North Korean navy in 2002. The ROK Navy has about 70,000 regular personnel including … By the end of the 19th century, the Joseon navy had no significant naval force[7] other than coast defense fortresses. On April 15, 1949, the Republic of Korea Marine Corps (ROKMC) was founded at Deoksan airfield in Jinhae. The Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN; Korean: 대한민국 해군), also known as the ROK Navy or South Korean navy, is the naval warfare service branch of the South Korean armed forces, responsible for naval and amphibious operations.The ROK Navy includes the Republic of Korea Marine Corps, which functions as a branch of the Navy.The ROK Navy has about 70,000 regular personnel including … Pohang (RKTH) RWY 10/28 POS 35°59'16"N 129°25'14"E ELEV 70 ft. Google Maps. The lead ship of, secretly developed, the Dolgorae-class midget submarine was launched in April, 1983. The ROK Navy aims to become a blue-water navy in the 2020s.[1]. [5] Comparing Yi Sunshin to Lord Nelson, Admiral George Alexander Ballard of the Royal Navy commented: "It is always difficult for Englishmen to admit that Nelson ever had an equal in his profession, but if any man is entitled to be so regarded, it should be this great naval commander of Asiatic race who never knew defeat and died in the presence of the enemy[. Cruise Training: Since 1954, the ROK Navy has conducted the annual oceangoing training with the fourth year midshipmen (naval cadets) of the Naval Academy to provide on the job training before commissioning them and to foster relations with other navies around the world. Founded: 02/05/20 Chief of Staff of the Navy: spacehuman0530 Vice Chief of Staff of the Navy: None/ Admiral : None/ Naval Forces Korea: The Early Years (1945 to 1957)", "Pak Tu San (Submarine Chaser # PC-701, 1950-1960)", "Commander, U.S. In 2005, the Navy dispatched a transport unit called Jejung to supply aid in humanitarian response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.[39][40]. The submarine sank as it was being towed into port, it was unclear if this was as a result of damage or a deliberate scuttling by the crew. ROK-US combined amphibious landing exercise: The ROK Navy and ROKMC together with the U.S. Navy and. [15], On January 14, 1967, ROKS Chungnam (DE 73) collided with the wooden-hulled 140-ton coastal ferry Hanil, off Gadeok Island, resulting in death of the ferry's 94 passengers and crew. Naval Forces Korea (CNFK) conducted a ribbon-cutting ceremony and thereby marked the start of what the U.S. Navy called “a new era of U.S. and Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN) alliance”. The ROK Navy commissioned four 4,500-ton Cheonwangbong-class dock landing ships between 2014 and 2018. Republic of Korea Navy Republic of Korea Navy Back to Country. €ì‹ ìž¡ëŠ” 해병대 (Marine Corps: The Devil Catchers) Motto(s) 한번 해병은 영원한 해병 (Once a Marine, Always a Marine) Mascot(s) Jindo Dog: Anniversaries [52], In 2019, the Navy updated its strategic vision for the 100th anniversary of the ROK Navy as "Navy Vision 2045". [17] During the Korean War, the ROK Navy acquired 28 ex-USN ships including five Tacoma-class frigates. Shortly after Korea was liberated from the Empire of Japan on August 15, 1945, Sohn Won-yil, a former merchant mariner and son of the Methodist minister and independence activist Sohn Jung-do,[9] led the Maritime Affairs Association. In 2004, the ROK Navy hosted the exercise, which was the first multinational naval exercise the ROK Navy ever hosted. [15], On July 30, 1960, ROKS Gangwon (DE 72), formerly USS Sutton (DE-771), sank the North Korean navy patrol ship PBS 371 off the coast of Geojin.[18]. At the outset of the conflict, the 6,956-man ROKN, with [33][16] naval vessels of various types, was outnumbered by the 13,700 men and 110 naval vessels of the North Korean navy. [41] The Cruise Training Fleet - ROKS Chungmugong Yi Sunshin (DDH 975) and ROKS Cheonji (AOE 57) - visited the United Kingdom in order to take part in the International Fleet Review for Trafalgar 200 in 2005. Photo by: Republic of Korea Navy. Since the 1990s, the ROK Navy has been trying to build an ocean-going fleet to protect the sea lines of communication as South Korea's dependence on foreign trade increases: In 1989, the Navy mentioned the "Strategic Task Fleet" (Jeollyak-gidong-hamdae) in the Joint Strategic Objectives Plan. Commander-in-Chief Three-Provincial Fleet) was brought to an end in 1895 due to the First Sino-Japanese War and the Gabo Reform. President Kim supported the Navy by approving a long-term shipbuilding plan for the ocean-going navy. In 1955, the South Korean government and the United States government made an agreement concerning the loan of U.S. Navy vessels. The Republic of Korea Navy includes the Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters, Republic of Korea Fleet, Republic of Korea Marine Corps, Naval Education and Training Command, Naval Logistics Command, and Naval Academy. In December 2007, Commander-in-Chief Republic of Korea Fleet (CINCROKFLT) moved its command headquarters from Jinhae Naval Base to Busan Naval Operations Base. The ROK Navy includes the Republic of Korea Marine Corps, which is a quasi-autonomous organization. [21], In 1969, the ROK Navy began "Isolated Islands Visiting Program" to support people living in small and remote islands around the peninsula. The fishing boat notified the Republic of Korea Navy and a corvette towed the submarine with the crew still inside to a navy base at the port of Donghae. In 2006, the ROK Navy launched the lead ship (SS 072) of the 1,800-ton Sohn Wonyil-class submarine, which was named after the first Chief of Naval Operations, equipped with Air-Independent Propulsion (AIP) system. CINCROKFLT also serves as Commander Naval Component Command (CNCC) of the ROK-US Combined Forces Command (CFC) in peacetime, or as the Deputy Commander Combined Naval … In May 2007, the ROK Navy launched the lead ship (DDG 991) of the King Sejong the Great-class destroyer, built around the Aegis combat system and the SPY-1D multi-function phased array radar. In 2015, the South Korean navy celebrated its 70th anniversary. Established in 1945, the ROK Navy is the oldest branch of the South Korean armed forces. Examples of changes (M-R → RR): Chinhae → Jinhae; Inchon → Incheon; Kangnung → Gangneung; Kimpo → Gimpo; Pusan → Busan; Taegu → Daegu. Republic of Korea Fleet Commander-in-Chief Republic of Korea Fleet (CINCROKFLT) is responsible for naval operations, and based at Busan Naval Operations Base with a command headquarters. The following eight Chang Bogo-class submarines were built in Korea. When UN troops withdrew from the north, due to the entry of Chinese troops, the ROK Navy conducted evacuation operations for the UN troops and Korean refugees with the UN allies. The ROK Navy includes the Republic of Korea Marine Corps, which is a quasi-autonomous organization. [47], In February 2016, the ROK Navy completed a new naval base on the southern coast of Jeju Island for basing the Maritime Task Flotilla and a submarine squadron, in order to strengthen its control over the seas around the Korean Peninsula and to protect the sea lines of communication. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the highest-ranking officer of the ROK Navy. The ROK Navy completed the construction of Busan Naval Operations Base in June 2006; Commander Third Fleet was moved to the newly established operational headquarters. In the early years of the Joseon Dynasty, the naval forces once reached its peak of 50,000 personnel due to the pirate issue.[4]. This is a List of major operating units and shore establishments of the Republic of Korea Navy. The South Korean armed forces were largely constabulary forces until the outbreak of the Korean War. [37], As part of its mission, the ROK Navy participated in several peacekeeping operations since the turn of the century. Founded in 1949 the ROKN as abbreviated, and its initial HQ was Deoksan airfield (Jinhae) under Lt … Continue reading "[New Post] ROKN: Republic of Korea Navy" On June 5, 1970, a navy broadcast vessel (I 2) was captured and abducted by North Korean patrol craft in the vicinity of Yeonpyeong Islands in the West Sea (Yellow Sea).[23]. Names of ships commissioned before 2000 might have been romanized according to McCune–Reischauer. The lead ship (FF 951) of the 2,000-ton Ulsan-class frigates was launched in 1980. Incheon Naval Sector Defense Command (base: Pacific Reach: The ROK Navy has participated in the biannual submarine rescue exercise since 2000. "[14] With its UN allies, dominated by U.S. forces, the ROK Navy was able to gain control in the seas surrounding the country; the ROK Navy secured the seas south of the 38th parallel. The Republic of Korea Navy, also known as the ROK Navy, is the naval warfare service branch of the South Korean armed forces, responsible for conducting naval operations and amphibious landing operations. 66–67. [8] The Korean naval tradition was disrupted after Korea was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. After the Incheon landing, the ROK Navy proceeded to take control of the entire seas surrounding the Korean peninsula, as a task group (Task Group 95.7) of the UN Blockading and Escort Force (Task Force 95). Meanwhile, the Military Government provided limited assistance through U.S. Navy (USN) and U.S. Coast Guard personnel then in South Korea. Jinhae had been CINCROKFLT's homeport since 1953. In 1973 and 1974, the ROK Navy reorganized its fleets into five Naval Sectors. On March 24, 1995, President Kim Young-sam affirmed that the Navy should have the Task Fleet and pave the way for a new era of blue-water navy when speaking at the Naval Academy's graduation. [25] With local shipbuilders, the ROK Navy continued to carry out other shipbuilding programs for such as the Gojunbong-class tank landing ship, mine warfare ship (Wonsan-class minelayer, Ganggyeong-class minesweeper), Cheonji-class logistics support ship, and Cheonghaejin-class submarine rescue ship in the 1980s and 1990s. 기지에서 '쿨쿨'… 연평도 포격 탐지는 '감감, "방사청, 英 구조잠수정 1척 도입키로", "차기호위함 후속함 건조업체로 STX조선 선정", "South Korea to acquire 16 PKX-B missile craft", "차기 상륙함 1호 ´천왕봉함´ 진수", "레이더와 소노부이 등을 최신장비로 교체한 P-3C 해상초계기가 지난 11일 해군에 처음 인도", "추락 링스헬기 잔해 발견…해군, 운용중인 링스헬기 20여대 '운행중단, "[르포] 와일드캣 뜨니 北잠수함은 독 안에 든 쥐", "해군은 작년에 도입한 신형 해상작전 헬기 와일드캣 8대 중 4대를 1일부터 작전 배치", "3000t급 잠수함 개발 연내 착수", South will develop its own type of SLBM: source, S. Korea starts building new 3,000-ton submarine, "S. Korean Navy to Build 6 Mini-Aegis Destroyers", "S. Korea May Deploy New Frigates Near Disputed Island", New S. Korean Frigate to Carry US Armament, "해군 2019년 5600톤급 차기구축함 확보", "해사 생도 지원 훈련함 2015년 전력화", S. Korea Envisions Light Aircraft Carrier, "성능개량 예정 해상초계기 8대 도입", "South Korea to pave way for further S-3 Viking sales", "S. Korean Navy to Buy 4 Mine Sweeper Choppers by 2012", "정부, 軍대형수송기 해외상업구매키로", Republic of Korea Navy official website (Korean), https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Republic_of_Korea_Navy&oldid=724684821, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Apx. Ballard, G.A., 1972, The Influence of the Sea on the Political History of Japan., Greenwood Press Reprint, pp. During the Japanese invasions of Korea (the Imjin War) in the 16th century, the Korean naval force commanded by Admiral Yi Sunshin, who later became the head of the Navy (Commander-in-Chief, Three-Provincial Fleet), cut off the invaders' naval life line and defeated the Japanese fleet reversing the war in favor of Joseon. In 1903, the government of the Korean Empire purchased its first modern naval ship, KIS Yangmu (Hanja: 揚武), from Japan. Jeju: Jinhae: Mokpo: Nonsan: ... near the tri-service HQ at Gyereong. [36] In November 2007, Commander Third Fleet was relocated to Mokpo while disestablishing Mokpo Naval Sector Defense Command. In 2004, the ROK Navy hosted a multilateral naval exercise - Pacific Reach 2004 - for the first time. In 2005, the South Korean navy celebrated its 60th anniversary. [28] On April 1, 1995, Admiral An Pyong-tae, the 20th Chief of Naval Operations, reaffirmed that the Navy should prepare to build the blue-water navy in his inaugural address. The ROK Navy continues to put its efforts to build the blue-water navy. The infant ROK Navy confronted threats from the stronger North Korean navy: "Perhaps the most aggressive and effective, if smallest, member of the South Korean armed services during the first year of the Korean War was the Republic of Korea Navy. Commander Republic of Korea Fleet: Vice Admiral Jung Jin-sub (based in Republic of Korea Fleet headquarters. [45][46], In December 2013, as part of the ROK Joint Support Group for the Philippines (the Araw unit), ROKS Birobong (LST 682), ROKS Seonginbong (LST 685), and Marines were deployed in humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan. Since the Korean War, the ROK Navy had concentrated its efforts on building naval forces against the North Korean navy, which has littoral naval capabilities. The Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters is located within the Gyeryongdae complex, the tri-service headquarters in Gyeryong, includes the office of the Chief of Naval Operations and various agencies and staff functions. In June 1946, the Marine Defense Group became the Korean Coast Guard, and officially recognized by the United States Army Military Government in Korea. The Fleet Aviation Unit became the Fleet Air Wing in 1977. In 1380, the naval forces of the Goryeo Dynasty defeated 500 vessels of invading Japanese pirates by deploying shipboard guns, devised by Choi Moosun, which is claimed to be the first use of shipboard guns in the naval history. In order to replace the aged S-2 Trackers, Lockheed P-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft were delivered to the ROK Navy from 1995. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the highest-ranking officer of the ROK Navy. [10] After the South Korean government was established on August 15, 1948, the Korean Coast Guard was formally became the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN), and Sohn was appointed as the first Chief of Naval Operations of the ROK Navy on September 5, 1948.[11]. Fleet Aviation Unit was established in 1957. On January 21, 2011, naval commandos of the task group carried out an operation, and succeeded in rescuing the crew of the hijacked MV Samho Jewelry. The Navy commissioned a 3,000-ton minelayer, ROKS Nampo (MLS 570) in June 2017. "[3] In the 9th century, Commissioner Chang Bo-go of the Unified Silla established a maritime base called Cheonghaejin in an island to foster trading with China and Japan, and to eradicate pirates. The ROK Navy is the oldest service within the ROK Armed Forces. In 1389 and 1419, the Korean naval force invaded Tsushima Island to suppress the Japanese pirate. [50] Two ex-USN Edenton-class salvage and rescue ships were replaced with two locally built 3500-ton Tongyeong-class salvage and rescue ships between 2014 and 2016. As South Korea's economy grew, the ROK Navy was able to locally build larger and better equipped fleets to deter aggression, to protect the sea lines of communication, and to support the nation's foreign policy. [19][20], During the Vietnam War, the ROK Navy dispatched the Naval Transport Group called Baekgu ("Seagull"), which was composed of three Landing Ship Tanks (LST) and two Landing Ship Mediums (LSM). ]"[6] Admiral Yi is also accredited with improving the Turtle Ship. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the highest-ranking officer of the ROK Navy. In 1986, the ROK Navy reorganized its fleets: First Fleet, Second Fleet, and Third Fleet. [49], The ROK Navy continued shipbuilding programs to upgrade the fleet with local shipbuilders: In order to replace the aging Pohang-class corvettes and Ulsan-class frigates, and to take over multi-role operations such as coast patrol and anti-submarine warfare, the ROK Navy commissioned six 2,300-ton Incheon-class frigates between 2013 and 2016, and the lead ship (FFG 818) of the 2,800-ton Daegu-class frigates in March 2018. The U.S. Navy representative in South Korea officially opened its headquarters in Busan, Korea on February 19. The ROK Navy includes the Republic of Korea Marine Corps, which functions as a branch of the Navy. The Republic of Korea Navy includes the Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters, Republic of Korea Fleet, Republic of Korea Marine Corps, Naval Education and Training Command, Naval Logistics Command, and Naval Academy. The ROK Navy includes the Republic of Korea Marine Corps, which is a quasi-autonomous organization. Since the end of the Korean War, the South Korean navy has concentrated its efforts to building naval forces to counteract the North Korean navy, which has littoral naval capabilities. On July 27, 1953, the three-year-long war was brought to an end when an armistice agreement was signed. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the highest-ranking officer of the ROK Navy. The ROK Navy has about 68,000 regular personnel including 27,000 Republic of Korea Marines (as of 2010). [22] USS Pueblo was captured by North Korea in January 1968. Navy to Navy Talks: The ROK Navy holds regular naval conferences with its counterparts of, Cobra Gold: Together with the ROK Marines, ROKS. Commander of U.S. [48], In order to support ocean-going operations, the ROK Navy commissioned the 10,000-ton logistics support ship, ROKS Soyang (AOE 51), and launched the first locally designed 3,000-ton submarine, Dosan Ahn Changho (SS 083) in September 2018. The Mutual Defense Treaty between South Korea and the United States was signed on 1 October 1953. In December 2007, Commander-in-Chief Republic of Korea Fleet (CINCROKFLT) moved its command headquarters from Jinhae Naval Base to Busan Naval Operations Base. Jinhae had been CINCROKFLT's homeport since 1953. On March 8, 1991, when giving the commencement speech at the ROK Naval Academy's graduation ceremony, President Roh Tae-woo addressed that the Navy should transform into the "blue-water navy". [29] In 1999, the Navy presented its strategic vision for the 2020s as "Navy Vision 2020" that outlined the Navy's future Task Fleet, which includes light aircraft carriers and ballistic missile submarines.[30]. [31] In November 1999, the ROK Navy completed the construction of Pyeongtaek Naval Operations Base; Commander Second Fleet was relocated from Incheon Naval Base to the newly established base with an operational headquarters. In October 1949, the ROK Navy purchased a 600-ton submarine chaser, the former USS PC-823 on the American civil market with funds raised among its personnel. Modernizationefforts for the ROK military have be… WP MCMEX/DIVEX: The mine warfare forces of the ROK Navy have participated in the Western Pacific Mine Counter Measure Exercise/Diving Exercise since 2004. In September 1953, the ROK Navy established the Republic of Korea Fleet, which was responsible for the operation and training of the ships. The Republic of Korea Navy has about 150 ships in commission (a total displacement of … [44] As a humanitarian operation, the unit was dispatched to evacuate South Koreans and foreign nationals from war-torn Libya in 2011 and 2014. The Marine Corps carried out Suppression Operations against communist elements in Jinju and Jeju Island.[15]. As part of its mission, the ROK Navy has engaged in several peacekeeping operations since the turn of the 21st century. In 732, the Balhae navy "attacked the Shandong peninsula and destroyed the biggest seaport of the Tang Empire in the east – Dengzhou. United States Army Military Government in Korea, "The problem of interpretation of war between the Tang Empire and Bohai in period 732-735", "THE FORGOTTEN SERVICE IN THE FORGOTTEN WAR", "Commander, U.S. Naval Forces, Korea", "해군사관학교 제49기 졸업 및 임관식 연설(세계평화에 기여하는 대양해군)", "North Korea denies sinking warship; South Korea vows strong response", "South Koreans pull off daring rescue of pirated ship", "리비아 트리폴리서 교민 구출, 최영함 조영주 함장 "해적 퇴치 이어 교민 철수작전 큰 영광, "Araw Unit completes rescue mission in Philippines", "Republic of Korea Navy International Fleet Review 2018", History - Republic of Korea Navy official website (Korean), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_the_Republic_of_Korea_Navy&oldid=996276555, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 16:02. Chief of Naval Operations: Admiral Boo Suk-jong (based in Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters, Gyeryong) 2. The Republic of Korea Navy was founded on November 11, 1945 as Marine Defense Group after Korea was liberated from the Empire of Japan. On October 3, 1964, ROKS Chungnam (DE 73, later DE 821), formerly USS Holt, "successfully prosecuted an unidentified submarine contact for more than 17 hours until the contact surfaced and was positively identified as a Soviet Whiskey-class submarine with pendant number 017". The ROK Navy continued to strengthen the fleet: In 2002, the lead ship (DDH 975) of the 4,500-ton Chungmugong Yi Sunshin-class destroyer was launched. The Republic of Korea Navy includes the Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters, Republic of Korea Marine Corps, Republic of Korea Fleet, Naval Education and Training Command, Naval Logistics Command, and Naval Academy. [34] In 2008, the Navy updated its strategic vision for the 2030s as "Navy Vision 2030".[35]. The ROK Army makes up the core of Korea's national defense. Romanization is according to Revised Romanization of Korean (adopted in 2000), with exceptions of personal names. [51], In October 2018, the Navy hosted its third international fleet review off coast of Jeju Island. In June 1999, the ROK Navy forces engaged the North Korea naval forces near the Northern Limit Line (NLL) in the vicinity of Yeonpyeong Island. The Navy acquired shipbuilding capabilities by planning and building high-speed patrol craft such as Baekgu class and Chamsuri class in the 1970s – in November 1972, the ROK Navy launched its first domestically built fast patrol craft to intercept North Korean spy boats. [33] Succeeding President Kim, President Roh Moo-hyun also supported the Navy's plan for the Task Fleet to become a blue-water navy. On March 26, 2010, ROKS Cheonan (PCC 772), a Pohang-class corvette was sunk by a North Korean torpedo, resulting in death of 46 sailors near Baengnyeong Island, in the vicinity of the Northern Limit Line (NLL).[42][43]. About 60 ships from 12 countries participated in the fleet review including the South Korean navy.[32]. Korea has a long history of naval activities. Commander Republic of Korea Fleet: Vi… The ROK Reserve Forces (대한민국 예비군) is a reserve component. [38] From 2001 to 2003, a naval transport unit called Haeseong supported the Operation Enduring Freedom and the Sangnoksu Unit in East Timor. Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters The ROK Navy is led by the Chief of Naval Op­er­a­tions (CNO). Chief of Naval Operations: Admiral Um Hyun-sung (based in Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters. The Republic of Korea Navy was founded on November 11, 1945 as Marine Defense Group after Korea was liberated from the Empire of Japan. The ROK Marine Corps (대한민국 해병대) functions as a branch of the Navy. It was heavily damaged by North Korean and Chinese attacks and in the beginning relied almost entirely on American support for weapons, ammunition and technology. In 1904, the revenue cruiser, Gwangje (光濟) was delivered for the Korean maritime customs. Lieutenant William H. Callwell, a retired British naval officer, and John W. Curtis of the Royal Marines, a gunnery instructor, served as instructors for 160 cadets and sailor recruits. Republic of Korea Navy; ROK Navy Organization - 2002. The Maritime Affairs Association evolved in the Marine Defense Group on November 11, 1945 (Navy Foundation Day), and some 70 people proceeded to the former Imperial Japanese Navy's Chinkai Guard District at Jinhae to establish a naval unit. During South Korea's period of rapid growth, the military expanded accordingly, benefiting from several government-sponsored technology transfer projects and indigenous defense capability initiatives. The Republic of Korea Navy includes the Republic of Korea Navy Headquarters, Republic of Korea Fleet, Republic of Korea Marine Corps, Naval Education and Training Command, Naval Logistics Command, and Naval Academy. 29,000 Marines, Republic of Korea Navy HQ, Gyeryongdae complex, The ROKN awarded LPX-II project contact in 2014, Establishing autonomous naval forces to deter war, Promoting national interests through protection of maritime activities, Enhancing the national prestige through naval presence. On February 22, 1974, a Navy harbor tug (YTL 30) capsized off Tongyeong, resulting in death of 153 Navy, Coast Guard recruits and 6 sailors. The Chief of Naval Operations(CNO) is the highest-ranking officer of the ROK Navy. 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