The largest such unit was the newly formed 1st Airborne Division, and on 19 January 1942 the War Office took the decision that a light tank detachment would be amongst the support units attached to the division. Overall the process took six untrained men 24 minutes, although it was believed this could be shortened with sufficient training. One of the vehicles was dispatched to Great Britain for testing along with an accompanying team of engineers. [36], The eight Locusts were loaded into separate Hamilcar gliders between 17–20 March, and on the morning of 24 March were towed from the airfield by Handley Page Halifax heavy bombers to join the rest of the gliders and transport aircraft carrying the two airborne divisions. The M22’s speed would also serve as it’s protection. In 1944, it was eventually concluded that the design of the tank was actually quite obsolete, with its armor (discussed in the above anatomy section) able to be penetrated by .50 caliber rounds. Timothy be nice you scum the people who provide us with these great articles need to be respected! The turret and front of the hull were to have an armour thickness of between 40 millimetres (1.6 in) and 50 millimetres (2.0 in), and the sides of the tank a thickness of 30 millimetres (1.2 in). Da der US Air Force Frachtflugzeuge mit ausreichender Ladekapazität fehlten, verlor das U.S. Army Ordnance Corps das Interesse an einer Weiterführung des Projektes.
Dieses Premiumfahrzeug verfügt über eine EP-Bonus-Verdienstrate … The 151st Airborne Tank Company remained in the United States, shuttling from base to base throughout the war, and the 28th Airborne Tank Battalion was refitted with conventional tanks in October 1944. Propelled by the 165 hp Lycoming O-435T horizontally opposed 6-cylinder gasoline engine, the tank could reach, in theory, 40 mph (64 km/h). – TE Moderator. [2], The T9 had a crew of three and weighed 6.7 metric tons (7.4 short tons). Hauptmerkmale. The tank was not designed to fight it out against heavy enemy armor, merely supply its accompanying airborne infantry with light armored support. [1], Production of the T9 peaked at 100 tanks produced per month between August 1943 and January 1944; however, this number rapidly declined when the results of the British and American testing programmes were reported to the Ordnance Department, and only 830 T9s were ever produced. Note the Littlejohn adaptor at the end of the Barrel and 2in Smoke-Bomb launchers on the turret. In the July of that year, they were relocated from their original base at Fort Knox to Camp Mackall in North Carolina. This vehicle would weigh 7.5 tons (sans crew), its length was 3.5 meters, width 2.13 meters, and height 1.68 meters. However, technical issues kept dogging the production of the tank, delaying it until the April of 1943. [34], In March 1945, the 6th Airborne Division was informed that it would be participating in Operation Varsity, an airborne operation in support of 21st Army Group crossing the River Rhine during Operation Plunder. The armor of the M22 in several areas was found to be so thin that it was incapable of even resisting the armor-piercing ammunition of a .50 caliber machine-gun. After a series of modifications were made to the initial prototype, production of the T9 began in April 1943. Here I have for you, the M22 Locust light tank. This adapter, in conjunction with special ammunition, operates under the squeeze-bore principal. A British Locust with the Little John adapter – Photo: Wikimedia Commons The running gear was based on the type found on the M3/M5 Stuart Light Tanks, being slightly lower than the original. USA Better wording would be the number of crewmen reduced to three from the normal crew of five or four for WW2 tanks. This operational deployment would be the Locust’s only chance to ravage the hypothetical crops of the Reich, and it bore mixed results. The prototype was designated the Light Tank T9 (Airborne), and was designed so that it could be transported underneath a Douglas C-54 Skymaster transport aircraft, although its dimensions also allowed it to fit inside a General Aircraft Hamilcar glider. [13] However, the T9 was of the correct shape, weight and size to be carried inside a Hamilcar glider, suggesting that these dimensions had been chosen deliberately so that the tank could be transported inside a glider if required. The idea was to land the tank on the ground once the first wave of paratroopers or glider infantry had secured a suitable landing area. As a result, the Ordnance Department gave the tank the specification number M22 but no combat units were equipped with it. Here I have for you, the M22 Locust light tank. English translation of the above article on Tank Archives. They were produced from 1941 up to 1945 with a total quantity of 830. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Instead the American government was approached with a request that it produce a replacement for the Tetrarch. [8] However, it had not been designed specifically as an airborne tank or to be airmobile,[4] and it also possessed several faults. A British service M22 Locust emerging from a Hamilcar glider during tests. It was intended to tow supplies or air-mobile guns, such as the M2 or M3 105 mm (4.13 in) howitzer, from gliders and supply aircraft. [18] Although they were of the opinion that the M22 possessed a number of faults, the War Office believed it would perform adequately as an airborne tank. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The Tetrarch did not start out as an airborne tank however, so it was believed to be inferior to a vehicle dedicatedly designed for this role. [15] The faults discovered with the design led to the Ordnance Department giving it the specification number M22, but classing it as 'limited standard'. Designated the Light Tank Squadron, this unit was to be formed of nineteen light tanks and would operate to the fore of the division, using their speed to capture objectives and hold them until relieved by other units. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Osprey Publishing, New Vanguard #153: M551 Sheridan, US Airmobile Tanks 1941-2001 Not exactly the swarm the tank’s name would suggest. The M22 on Warspot.ru. One running vehicle is owned by the World War II US Military Vehicle Museum, San Rafael, USA. As such, armor on the vehicle was only 12.5 mm (0.49 in) at its thickest. One tank undergoing restoration is located in Georgetown, Texas, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 19:11. (9.5 to 12.5 mm thick) Causing it to be only 7.5 tonnes. Weather conditions for the operation were excellent, with clear visibility, and all eight gliders arrived in the vicinity of the landing zone without incident. The War Office had originally selected the Light Tank Mark VII Tetrarch light tank for use by the airborne forces, but it had not been designed with that exact purpose in mind so the War Office believed that a purpose-built tank would be required to replace it. Quite a few M22 Locusts do survive to this day, in locations such as the Tank Museum in Bovington, the Rock Island Arsenal Museum in Ilinois of USA, and the Royal Dutch Army Museum at Delft in Netherlands. The main change was the addition of supporting steel beams to improve and strengthen the suspension of the tank, which increased the weight to 7.05 metric tons (7.77 short tons), the maximum weight that could be carried by a Hamilcar glider. Get all 4 Tank Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25% off! A mere total of 25 M22s were deployed to the European theater by US forces. The subsequent burst from the shells was too weak, making them inadequate for observation uses. It retained the forward drive sprocket and Vertical Volute Spring Suspension (VVSS) with large trailer idler wheel at the rear. [21] The US Army Armored Board released a critical report on the Locust in September 1943, stating that it was inadequate in the areas of reliability and durability, and indicating that it would not be able to be successfully used during airborne operations. One of the tiniest tanks in the game, the Locust is able to manoeuvre some of the smaller areas on the battlefield to get a clean shot on an opponent. I think I’ll act abrasive, and in no way attempt to provide positive constructive feedback. Until this point, the British had been using the Light Tank Mk. Hunicutt, Osprey Publishing, New Vanguard #153: M551 Sheridan, US Airmobile Tanks 1941-2001, English translation of the above article on Tank Archives, https://books.google.fi/books?id=7E-ICwAAQBAJ&pg=PT43&lpg=PT43&dq=151st+Airborne+Tank+battalion&source=bl&ots=wOtnxAOVc_&sig=IbeAbvepUMdEQSDWA8gd3n2Nf58&hl=fi&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj_qdGh9OTTAhVrApoKHQZMApIQ6AEIOTAC, https://www.amazon.com/Destroyer-Battalions-1944-45-Battle-Orders/dp/1841767980. In October 1944 however, the remaining Tetrarchs of the regiment were replaced by Locusts and eight were used during Operation Varsity in March 1945. The Marmon-Herrington Company then came forward with their own design. American Armor M22 Locust Langarmshirt Klassisch geschnitten, doppelt genähter Saum; NA Business Socken,High Performance Kurzsocke,Anzug-Socken,Tennissocken,Nette Cartoon Locust Blue Männer Frauen Langlebige Sport Sport Socke Für Walking Wandern Erholung Hochwertige Socken: Crew-Socken bestehen aus 10% Polyester, 3% Elasthan, stark und langlebig. These consisted of the commander, who also served as the loader, who, along with the gunner, was positioned in the turret, with the driver positioned on the right side of the hull. The main armament consisted of the 37 mm (1.46 in) Tank Gun M6. The 28th were redesignated as a standard Tank Battalion following a loss of interest by Airborne Command in October 1944. (direct link if you don’t want to go through list:) Yes, I am aware of this. Only two Locusts were able to reach their planned rendezvous point and go into action, occupying a piece of high ground along with an infantry company. The secondary armament consisted of a single coaxial Browning M1919 .30 cal. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The owner also has a turret cast reproduction and an engine, but is missing the original tracks (the original tracks and sprockets can be replaced by M5 Stuart ones). The M22 Locust came about in 1941 as a request from the British War Office for a bespoke air-deployable tank. One tank is displayed at the Institute of Military Technology in Titusville, Florida. The British placed an order for the tanks, with production set to begin in late 1942. [16] Some 25 Locusts were ordered in April 1944 for use in the European Theater of Operations, and delivered by September; although a small number were sent to the United States Sixth Army Group in Alsace, France, for testing, they were never used in combat. The specifications were set for a tank light in weight and able to be transported either by the US’s Douglas C-54 Skymaster transport, the specially designed Fairchild C-82 Packet or the British General Aircraft Hamilcar glider. [5] When officials at the War Office examined the equipment that would be required for a British airborne division, they decided that gliders would be an integral component of such a force. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. They were produced from 1941 up to 1945 with a total quantity of 830. The main change was the addition of supporting steel beams to improve and strengthen the suspension of the tank, which increased the weight to 7.05 metric tons (7.77 short tons), the maximum weight that could be carried by a Hamilcar glider. [39], Six Locusts landed intact on the landing zone, including several with significant damage, but two of these tanks did not reach the rendezvous point chosen for the regiment. They were … Unrestored condition with a LVT-3 Turret installed. In a conference held on January 16, 1941, it was decided that the General Aircraft Hamilcar, under development at the time, would be used to transport a single tank or two Universal Carriers. [30], The regiment took part in Operation Tonga as part of 6th Airlanding Brigade in June 1944, equipped with twenty Tetrarchs. Edits shall be made. Remember the small dimensions of the vehicle and armament, which had to be in a turret. The AP ammunition could penetrate roughly 25 mm (1 in) of armor at 1,000 yards (910 m). The turret was altered in shape; it was lightened by the removal of the power traverse mechanism and the gyro stabilizer for the main armament. Required fields are marked *. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The nerve! Christie’s unused design for the project – Photo: warspot.ru, Marmon-Herrington was already a trusted producer of light tanks for the United States Marine Corp (USMC), so were seen as the perfect candidate to produce the United States’ first air-mobile tank. M22 Locust Light tank tutorial Roblox Plane Crazy - YouTube The Locust began development in 1941 after the British War Office requested that the American government design a purpose-built airborne light tank which could be transported by glider into battle to support British airborne forces. I think the word ‘division’ was used several times when ‘battalion’ was meant , for example 29th Airborne Tank Division (sic), The wording in the article is displayed as in the various pieces of source material. [2] The design offered by Christie in mid-1941 was rejected as it failed to meet the specified size requirements, as was a modified design the company produced in November. The main gun and coaxial machine-gun were mounted in a powered turret, which also had a gun stabilizer installed to allow the gun to be fired when the tank was moving. The vehicle was not accepted for production. Member since 2016. American M22 named “Bonnie” from the 28th Airborne Tank Battalion, one of the only American units to be equipped with the tank. Remaining Locust would continue to provide support in various infantry actions during the operation with mixed success due to the weakness of its 37 mm HE ammunition. The main change was the addition of supporting steel beams to improve and strengthen the suspension of the tank, which increased the weight to 7.05 metric tons (7.77 short tons), the maximum weight that could be carried by a Hamilcar glider. Until this point, the Ordnance Department had been more than happy with the developments of the T9E1 vehicle. Ursprünglich als luftverlastbarer Panzer entwickelt, wurde das Fahrzeug nie von den USA in dieser Funktion während des Zweiten Weltkriegs eingesetzt. Thank you for the input. These people who provide me with free information, on a topic I enjoy, make mistakes. [37] During their attempts to land, however, the small force was severely depleted; one glider broke away from the Halifax towing it and disintegrated, apparently as a result of structural failure, with the Locust inside it falling to the ground. No American combat units were equipped with the tank, although some of those produced were used for training purposes[3] and two experimental units were formed and equipped with Locusts. Quoting: 8 of the gliders took part in the assault. However, production difficulties and design changes caused this date to be delayed several times, and it was not until April 1943 that production on the T9 actually began. The armament, either a 37 or 57 mm gun, would be housed in a rotating turret and equipped with a gyroscopic stabilizer. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. [30] The squadron was expanded into the 6th Airborne Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment in December 1943, and as late as March 1944, plans were made for the regiment to be equipped with seventeen Locusts and three Tetrarchs when it took part in Operation Tonga, the British airborne landings in Normandy. Despite its many failures, however, the M22 succeeded in paving the way for future American air-mobile tank projects. Two new prototypes were ordered by the Ordnance Department in January 1942 and … The technology needed to fully exploit the capabilities of an air-mobile tank was not available in time for the war. An example of the M22 Locust in British service. The main change was the addition of supporting steel beams to improve and strengthen the suspension of the tank, which increased the weight to 7.05 metric tons (7.77 short tons), the maximum weight that could be carried by a Hamilcar glider. Ursprünglich als luftverlastbarer Panzer entwickelt, wurde das Fahrzeug von den USA während des Zweiten Weltkriegs nie in dieser Funktion eingesetzt. [4] At the time the request was made, the War Office considered using the equipment in Britain's fledgling airborne forces, which had been formed in June 1940 by order of the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. [1] Two new prototypes were ordered by the Ordnance Department in January 1942 and were delivered by Marmon-Herrington in November 1942. During November the new tanks were issued to the squadron, replacing a majority of the Tetrarchs; however a small number of Tetrarchs fitted with a 3 inch (76.2 mm) infantry support howitzer, which were designated as Tetrarch 1 CS (Close Support), were retained. The M22 Locust, officially Light Tank (Airborne), M22, was an American-designed airborne light tank which was produced during World War II. Keep up the good work . As such, 230 M22s were shipped to the United Kingdom under the Lend-Lease Act. This made it available for use by the airborne forces and it was chosen by the War Office as the tank to be transported by glider. On another note, the Littlejohn adaptor gave a big improvement in AP, but had to be removed to allow the gun to fire HE shells, making it a mixed blessing. Early model of the T9E1 during trials. – TE Moderator. [45] Several company-sized units of Locusts were used by the Egyptians during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. (Russian) [20] A heavy transport aircraft, the Fairchild C-82 Packet, was developed to specifically carry the M22 inside its fuselage and unload it through a set of clam-shell doors, but it did not enter service until after the war had ended. Surprisingly, long after its dismissal by both US and British Forces, the M22 saw combat again in service with the Egyptian army in the 1948 Arab-Isreali War. The new tanks incorporated a number of requested changes. As 37mm HE was highly infective I don’t believe they would’ve gone to the trouble of removing it to fire HE. One undamaged tank came to the aid of a group of American paratroopers who were under fire from a German self-propelled gun but was rapidly knocked out by the German vehicle, wounding two crewmembers. The tanks did not perform well in action; several were damaged during the landing process and one was knocked out by a German self-propelled gun. Several had their main armaments removed and were used by the Belgian Army as command tanks for their M4 Sherman regiments, and a few Locusts even found their way back to the U.S., where they had their turrets removed and served as agricultural tractors. Das Light Tank M22 Heuschrecke ist ein amerikanischer leichter Panzer mit einer Schlacht Bewertung von 1,7 (AB) und 2,0 (RB/SB) Rang II. [26], The squadron was transferred to the division with which it would spend the rest of the war; the 6th Airborne Division, raised in April 1943. The M22 was one of the smallest tanks the United States had ever built, yet it still carried a crew of 3. [22] By 1944 it was also realized that the design of the tank was actually obsolete.
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